Cholesterol and female fertility: for a safe pregnancy, attention to high levels
The search for a pregnancy for a woman can be a happy moment but also a possible one when it is late. A recent study conducted at the Buffalo University and Emory University has shown that high cholesterol levels pose a risk to female fertility.
High cholesterol and fertility risks
The study published in JCEM, the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , conducted by researchers from NIH, Buffalo University and Emory University, involved 501 couples who were part of the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment .
The pairs were observed in the 2005-2009 period in a longitudinal study to examine the impact of different lifestyles and the environment on fertility.
The study showed that couples with high cholesterol levels have more difficulty conceiving. Many of the women who failed to conceive during the study had high cholesterol levels .
If the problem only affects the woman, the chances of pregnancy are lowered and the time for conception is also extended, this is due to the fact that cholesterol is used by the body as a regulating agent for the level of estrogen and testosterone.
Dr. Enrique Schisterman, head of the Branch of Epidemiology at the National Institutes of Health, said ” from our data, it would seem that high cholesterol levels not only increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but also reduce the likelihood of many couples becoming pregnant “.
Currently, statistics indicate that 15% of men and 17% of women of reproductive age have difficulty conceiving.
Obesity and cholesterol for female and male fertility
Obesity and high cholesterol are closely related. L ‘ obesity has different effects on male and female fertility:
Obesity in women is associated with alterations of the menstrual cycle with increased risk of abortions and gynecological complications. On the other hand, even the excessive thinness in women, if associated also with anorexia, causes a defense of the organism that alters or blocks the menstrual cycle thus reducing the possibility of becoming pregnant.
Obesity in humans seems instead to reduce testosterone and in overweight subjects it is associated with one of the factors responsible for alterations of the seminal fluid.
What affects male and female fertility
Female and male fertility is an asset that must be protected and preserved from infancy as trivial infections can suffice to create problems for future fertility.
The lifestyle in adulthood is very important and directly affects the ability to conceive.
In addition to high cholesterol and obesity there are other factors to consider that are capable of negatively influencing an individual’s sexual and reproductive health such as:
excess of physical activity
too sedentary life
Supplements to counteract high cholesterol levels
Before undertaking medical therapies for high cholesterol, it is possible to use food supplements of the latest generation, based on:
Fermented red rice , obtained by fermentation of the common cooking rice by a yeast called Monascus purpureus or “red yeast”. During the process it is enriched with Monacolin K, a natural substance with a statin-like action, which has the function of inhibiting the synthesis of cholesterol that occurs in the liver, contributing to the maintenance of normal cholesterol levels.
Coenzyme Q10 , antioxidant whose levels are reduced by statin-like substances.
Vitamin PP , necessary for the digestion process of foods, promotes “good” LDL cholesterol at the expense of “bad” HDL cholesterol.
Probiotics contribute to the general well-being of the intestine and therefore of the person. Among these, the Bifidobacterium Longum BB536 strain has proved useful in reducing the intestinal reabsorption of cholesterol-bound bile salts.
The role of nutrition for cholesterol and fertility
The diet regulates a fundamental role in female fertility , but equally in the male one. Overweight, often linked to high cholesterol, does not promote the health of the organism and therefore the possibility of adequately performing all its functions, including reproductive functions.
Minor health of the body especially excessive consumption of proteins, especially animals, excess fats, especially saturated ones, excess of rapidly absorbed sugars and a low intake of carbohydrates.
Nutrient imbalance affects the hormonal phase significantly, as well as the right fluid intake.
Recommended foods for a good supply of nutrients in those seeking pregnancy:
Seasonal fruit, citrus fruits if possible containing vitamin C, antioxidant, and vitamin A to increase sperm motility
Tomatoes that thanks to the content of lycopene help to improve sperm motility
Green leafy vegetables useful for the contents of vitamin C, A and folic acid
Carrots that contain beta-carotene for sperm protection
Beans bring folic acid and zinc
Eggs containing zinc
Fish where omega-3 fatty acids are present
Dried fruit, without exaggeration, brings zinc and coenzyme Q10, a very efficient antioxidant
Extra virgin olive oil excellent antioxidant supplement, always to be used cold on foods
If possible avoid the consumption of preserved foods, fat cheeses as well as sugary and carbonated drinks. Same goes for desserts where consumption should be limited.
A healthy diet is good then it is also accompanied by physical exercise so as to maintain the right body weight and avoid re-entering the obesity band.
In conclusion, if you are looking for a pregnancy, it is important to improve your lifestyle in several respects and check your cholesterol values so that you can intervene if needed.