Even high-quality central heating does not always provide the residents of modern apartments with the proper level of heat: one requires higher temperatures for comfort than the established standard, others suffer because of poor-quality window glazing, and others simply want certain rooms (for example, children’s) or bath) was a little warmer. To solve any of these problems, enough for choosing a heater for the house.
The modern range includes dozens of models, starting with compact heaters for small areas and ending with heavy-duty equipment for the full heating of the whole house. How to take into account all the nuances and make the right choice so that later you don’t have to suffer from the cold or overpay for the exorbitant overuse of electricity? An overview of popular types of heaters with an analysis of their strengths and weaknesses will help you choose the right heating equipment that meets all stated requirements!
Choosing a heater-The main model of modern heaters
To figure out which heater is best suited for solving specific problems, it is necessary to consider in more detail the features of each type of structures. Of course, you can simply clarify all the interesting nuances on the forum, where hundreds of useful tips and recommendations are collected – experienced users will be sure to share all the necessary information. But, first, you can never be 100% sure that a review is written sincere and unbiased, and secondly, everything is individual: what is suitable for one will not necessarily appeal to another. That is why, choosing a heater, it is better to rely on your own knowledge. So let’s get started.
These are perhaps the most common and low-end models, which choose practical and careful owners. This design is ideal for quickly heating the air to comfortable temperatures – passing through the heating element, the air flow quickly acquires the missing heat, quickly accelerating it with the help of the built-in fan. As a heating element, an embedded ceramic or metal spiral is most often used, which is heated immediately after being connected to the network. This means that the heating of the room begins almost instantly.
Another advantage of fan heaters is compactness and mobility. All that is needed to install such a heater is to connect to the power grid in an accessible radius limited by the length of the cord. And since the design is simple and does not require any high-tech parts, its cost varies within the available limits. Even the owners with a very limited budget can be choosing a heater – the purchase will not hit the wallet too much, and even the possible repair in case of a breakdown will not be expensive at all.
However, like any budget equipment, fan heaters have a number of significant drawbacks that do not allow choosing a heater for any type of premises. Rotating fan blades raise dust, make noise, and most often dry the air in hot streams. And if the last problem can be solved by additionally selecting a suitable humidifier, the constant noise will in any case cause discomfort.
In addition, the metal spiral of fan heaters tends to heat up to extremely high temperatures. Firstly, it makes the equipment unsafe in rooms where there are small children and pets – and those and others can get too close to the heater and get a painful burn. Secondly, the hot elements burn to dust, which is why a specific and very unpleasant smell can appear in a heated room. Therefore, if you still stopped at the fan heater, it is better for choosing a heater model with a ceramic heating element – it is free from such drawbacks.
And, perhaps, the most important disadvantage of such heaters is their fire safety. In no case should such models be left on for too long or without constant monitoring – they tend to overheat, for which you need to carefully monitor.
Important! If you still decide to purchase a fan heater, you should choose a model with protection against overheating – it will cost a bit more expensive, but it will also last longer.
Such devices heat the air in the room due to the natural movement of the streams: according to the laws of physics, the warmer air tends to rise, while the cold remains at the floor level. In the lower parts of the body of the connector there are special openings into which this air enters, and, heating inside from a special electro-electric heater, it moves upwards where it leaves the device through similar openings. Thus, an additional fan is not involved in the flow movement, which means that the device works almost silently.
It is obvious that it is much more productive to arrange convectors on the floor – it is these structures that heat the room more efficiently. However, some modern models have an additional mount on the wall like a classic battery. If you decide to choose such equipment, it should be placed in the lower part of the wall at a distance of about 15-20 cm from the floor – so the heating of the air will be more productive.
The variability of the external design of convectors allows you to choose equipment that fits into any interior. Modern models look stylish and presentable, and the slim body allows you to hide the device from prying eyes if you wish, without turning it off from the network. At the same time, it can be placed anywhere – the temperature of the heating element usually does not exceed the permissible 60-70 degrees, which means that the equipment is absolutely fired safely. In addition, most convectors are additionally equipped with an overheating sensor and an auto-off function, which further increases safety during round-the-clock use.
The purchase of such heat equipment will be much more expensive than fan heaters, however, the durability of the devices will be several times higher. They rarely fail, consume less electricity, and therefore, the amount spent can be compensated for through maintenance. Such a heater should be chosen if there are small children at home – the design does not overdry the air, and the body, even after prolonged use, cannot cause burns if accidentally touched.
True, in this case, it was not without significant flaws. If you need a quick warm-up of the room, you should choose another model, for example, a fan heater or a heat gun – the convectors need to work for quite a long time. But, having warmed up, they will maintain the temperature established on the temperature sensor up to a tenth of a degree – during long-term operation the accuracy of the device is much higher than the average.
These radiators look like ordinary cast iron batteries with the ability to connect to the network. Unlike central heating radiators, they are filled not with water, but with mineral oil, which is heated by contact with the heating element, and then heats the air by convection. It takes from 1 to 3 hours for the oil temperature to reach the optimum level, which means that such heaters are not able to quickly heat up the air in the room. True, they will cool down just as long even after switching off, which means they should be chosen first of all for the “long-playing” effect.
The metal case of oil heaters is heated to decent temperatures, so it is not recommended to cover it, dry clothes or textiles on it – the fabric can deform, and even with a long-term exposure even begin to smolder. In addition, it will not be possible to choose such a model in a house where there are kids and animals moving freely around the room – accidental contact with the hot metal is fraught with burns.
Another disadvantage of such equipment is high power, which requires significant energy consumption. Regularly warming up the room with an oil heater, at the end of the month you risk seeing a noticeably increased electricity bill. At the same time, such costs pay off with the strength and durability of the model – if you do not want to spend time on repairing thermal equipment, you should choose an oil radiator, since it rarely fails.
Such heaters, in contrast to similar climate technology, do not heat the air, but the surrounding household items, which, in turn, give off heat to the atmosphere. As for heaters in such models several types of elements can be used:
- Metal plates, insulated with mica, quickly and smoothly cope with the task, have a long service life, but sometimes produce a barely noticeable crack during operation, which can cause some discomfort to people with sensitive hearing.
- Ceramic heaters have a long service life, excellent performance, but quite a tangible cost.
- Quartz lamps – the most budget option for infrared heaters. They quickly pick up the heat, glow pleasantly in the dark, but at the same time consume a lot of electricity, which means that money saved on the purchase will have to be paid for utilities. This model should be chosen only if you do not plan to use it for a long time.
- Halogen lamps are more reliable, more durable and more economical than quartz ones, but they also cost a little more expensive.
Despite the significant advantages of such heaters, they are not very popular, mainly because of the controversial point about the safety of the constant exposure to infrared radiation on humans. One way or another, manufacturers of such equipment recommend choosing a heater for continuous household use, leaving the infrared equipment for short-term use or heating of premises not intended for permanent people.
These models are only a small part of the modern range of climate technology, which, nevertheless, are in noticeable demand among the population. By choosing a heater, you can feel comfortable, warm and confident, no matter how low the thermometer bar has dropped outside the window!