zen miniature garden
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Zen miniature garden: how to do it at home

Have you ever tried to nourish your spirit in a radical way? Doing it is very easy. The first person to achieve it was Buddha. Who in the position of zazen attained enlightenment. Through generations and house enhancements, that knowledge has been transmitted. One of its forms is the Zen garden in miniature.

These small spaces that are assembled inside a box of sand. They are used by many people throughout the East and West. And that is to plow the Zen garden, discover and unravel its forms or just admire it. Everything is enough to get in touch with our inner self and thus nourish our spirit. If you want to grow as a person and take your consciousness to a new level. All while embellishing and taking care of your home, join us then! Today here, we will teach you how to properly assemble your Zen garden in miniature.

What is a zen miniature garden really?

zen miniature garden

The concept of Zen transferred to gardens is based on telling a story. In creating something that is suggestively great, all in a very small space. Of course, always respecting the balance of things and keeping the elements in mind.

The word zen by itself means meditation. That is why a Zen garden. It is a space for meditation, both for those who work for it and for those who contemplate it.

A miniature Zen garden has few but important differences compared to a medium or large one. However, these differences should not be a reason to be self-conscious. The flexibility and adaptability can be part of the story you have to tell.

And some years ago they told us a very important secret about miniature Zen gardens. Although it is true that it is an art form; It is also true that it is only a box with sand. You will not be able to enter a true Zen state if you do not enjoy your garden. So, do not try to follow a rule to build it, follow what your spirit dictates.

Of course, there are certain elements that should not be missing. After all, it is they who evoke the elements in the garden. And if you want to maintain the correct flow of energies at home, you should always include them in your miniature Zen garden.

Zen miniature garden elements


The words we chose could not have been more accurate on this occasion. When it comes to a Zen garden. We speak literally of elements. On this occasion, we are talking about earth, fire, wood, and water; specifically. However, in a miniature Zen garden, the element of wood and fire are often overlooked.

Fire and water

Although there are many conflicting opinions on whether or not to include the fire element in a Zen garden; The truth is that in Eastern culture, which is the one that takes the longest with this tradition, they do implement it. And it is that fire is not only reflected in the flames but in the sand itself. The sand also becomes water when telling a story; what is sought from the beginning when creating the Zen garden.


Stability and balance This element is given by the rocks that are placed in the miniature Zen garden. They should always be three or three groups, but its purpose is to form a triangle. Although it is not a symmetrical triangle, the three vertices are always required.


If the space you have to build your Zen garden in miniature allows it; Do not hesitate to include a trunk. Similar to the red root trunks used in fish tanks or another ideal trunk for this type of decoration.


The four-tooth rake is the most common when building a miniature Zen garden. This has two functions, leveling the garden sand and; the most important, draw the waves.

The waves in the sand of the Zen garden represent water. Either in circles around the stones or, intricate forms that intertwine with each other; The act of drawing the waves in the garden is the activity that is carried out in order to obtain peace. Either the sound or the raking action itself reassures you; You can never miss the four-tooth rake.

How to build your Zen garden in miniature?

build your Zen garden

The first thing you will need, in addition to the items listed above; It is a box to contain the sand. Although many people use trays of wood or aluminum that they had saved without using. Ideally, the sand is 5 centimeters deep, many times you will need to bury the stones.

Remember that many times you will need to bury the stones. Also, the type of wave you do can vary in depth. So the activity of creating the waves and the final result. It can always be different, but the options are less if the sand layer is not 5 centimeters.

Once you have your square or rectangular container. It is time to place the sand in it. You can use sand or gravel of the finest, that decision we leave it to you.

The next step is to level the sand. To do this, you must use the back of the rake. And this process you will do every time you want to erase the waves and start over.

Although at first, you will have to apply pressure with the rake; When most of the space is level, adjust the details by sliding the rake using its own weight.

Place the stones. Bury them to make them look smaller if necessary. Remember that you must always form a triangle. You can also use more than three rocks and stack several in three different groups. After all, you should never move the box or tray; simply sand and using only the rake.

With these steps, you will have your zen miniature garden built ready! It’s time to start telling your story using the rake’s teeth to draw the waves.

A zen miniature garden more flexible in its decoration

zen miniature garden

You can turn your miniature Zen garden into a really personal decorative piece. Although the components that we have just named are the standard ones. You can always innovate, customize and, in short; Go one step further.

Salt instead of sand

Instead of using sand or gravel, you can simply buy sea salt at your preferred supermarket and use it to create the base. The sea salt will give your garden an immaculately white appearance and; thanks to its coarse grains, the waves created by the rake can be appreciated in a different way.

Incense Cones

Some incense cones have the peculiarity of having a lower hole through which they channel the smoke. This “thick” smoke can be redirected using really deep channels in your Zen garden. With this trick; You can create a “fog” or “water” effect in your entire miniature garden.

Liquid essence

A few drops of liquid essence are also a great option. Especially when you do not tolerate the incense smoke very well. Place part of the sand or stones (does not work well with salt); Then pour some essence and then; the rest of the sand. That way, when you remove the sand with the rake to draw the waves. The scent of the essence will flow and help you to relax.

Plants, figures and candles

Although you only need three key elements, nothing prevents you from adding other decorative accessories. Especially if you have a genkan in your house; a Buddha figure or a plant next to your garden will be perfect.

The Zen garden in miniature does not have to be something private nor why to be hidden. You can use it as a decorative element by placing it in the entrance. It is also a great centerpiece. Of course, the tall candles do not go well aesthetically with the miniature Zen garden; You’ll have to get the tiniest candles.

And after having seen all the possibilities of alternative materials that you have to build your Zen garden in miniature. We leave you this video in which you will be able to appreciate different configurations of the zen miniature garden, enjoy and relax.

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